V. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR). Name. Date. Fill out the following questionnaire with the most suitable answer listed below. Base your answers on . Fresco, D. M. () “The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale: A comparison of the interesting to note that, in this trial of sertraline, LSAS score dropped about Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale Liebowitz MR. Social Phobia. Mod Probl Pharmacopsychiatry ; Pt Name: Pt ID #. Date: Clinic #. Assessment.
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The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a short questionnaire developed in by () found that scores on the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale were significantly correlated . Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. Social Interaction Subscales. Total Fear Subscale. Total Avoidance Subscale. TOTAL SCORE. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Reprinted with the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven different scores. .. Publisher's Disclaimer: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript.
David, P. Lemos, R. Mazo, A. Meneses, M. Ortega, S. Rocha, M. Varela, D. Villa-Roel; Costa Rica: H. Cabezas; Dominican Republic: P.
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Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS)
Anguiano, M. Ascencio, P. Camarena, I. Carrillo, R. Erosa, G.
Gurrola, D. Karam, R. Landero, M. Olvera, F. Reyes, M. Robles, A. Tapia, J. Tejero, P.
Bettina, A. Caballero, R. Estigarribia, M. Silva; Peru: V. Barreda, L. Benites, L.
Galli, M. Grijalva, R. Marchena, C. Merino, M. Salazar, C.
Liebowitz social anxiety scale
Segura, G. Verme; Portugal: R. Barroso, F. Cardoso, P. Carvalho, M. Loureiro, E. Ribeiro; Puerto Rico: S. Ortiz, J.
Pons, E. Rosario, A. Santos, K. Antona, B. Arias, P. Barbado, P. Third, avoidance ratings for all situations are summed to create an Avoidance subscale.
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Additionally, responses to the 11 social-interaction and 13 performance situations may be summed separately for fear and avoidance, creating four subscales: social interaction fear, social interaction avoidance, performance fear, and performance avoidance. The original scoring instructions implied two-factors social interaction, performance separately for fear and avoidance.
Although the measure was designed to provide separate fear and avoidance scores, studies show that these subscales are highly correlated, suggesting significant redundancy between subscales Heimberg et al. Thus, studies have tested the original 2-factor model social interaction, performance examining only fear ratings. Factor analyses have not supported the original 2-factor model and have instead supported a different four-factor structure. This structure was preferred in a sample of treatment seeking individuals diagnosed with SAD Safren et al.
One study that provided data on racial composition of their sample included only five African Americans Baker et al.
Thus, while there are mixed findings for the factor structure of the LSAS in European American samples, our understanding is even less clear in non-European samples. Examining commonly used measures in a cross-cultural manner is crucial to ensure that research based on such measures in these samples yields reliable and valid data. Moreover, examining the factor structure of measures in diverse samples may inform about whether the construct of social anxiety differs across ethnic and racial groups in clinically meaningful ways.
Given the large population of African Americans and the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in the United States, there is a need to examine the psychometric properties of commonly used measures of anxiety in this population.
To this end, Chapman and colleagues compared African American and European American samples on several measures of anxiety in a series of studies. There is minimal data characterizing social anxiety in African Americans Chapman et al. Whereas the original factor structures generally held for the European American sample, several items needed to be dropped for the models to fit the African American sample.
The original measures yielded significant differences in anxiety level between the groups. When the ill-fitting items were dropped, groups no longer differed in their level of social anxiety on the SADS.
These findings highlight the implications of interpreting data obtained from measures that have not been validated for the population under examination. Given the findings of variance across ethnic groups for multiple measures of anxiety, it is important to examine the structure of the LSAS in an African American sample. The current study had two primary aims.
For example, two studies conduced with clinical samples in the USA  ,  , using the Beck Depression Inventory, found similar correlations 0.
When the scale was developed, Liebowitz  suggested a two-factor structure in which the subscales fear and avoidance represent the factors. It is important to remember that this first version of the scale was clinician-administrated. Subsequently, many groups proposed different structures, as the first one did not show such a good fit when using different samples and different LSAS versions, such as the self-report and the clinician-administrated versions.
The most widespread structures are of three  , four  or five factors  , the first two used the clinician-administrated and the last the self-reported version. A possible reason for this impasse is the cultural differences in the samples used, as it is known that SAD symptoms can be rated in different ways according to the cultural context . Considering that no other research, to our knowledge, has been performed to date with the LSAS-SR in its adaptation to Brazilian Portuguese, the study of its psychometric characteristics, i.
During the data collection, all guidelines regarding the ethical considerations in research with humans  were adhered to, so that only those subjects that agreed to participate, by signing the Terms of Free Prior Informed Consent TFPIC , were included. This form was given to the subjects individually, with children and adolescents below 18 years of age being excluded from the study.
The subjects that were identified with SAD were offered information and treatment. Study Characterization The study was conducted in two phases, with different samples and aims. The first involved the participation of subjects and aimed to perform the study of the reliability through the test-retest technique. The second, composed of subjects, aimed to perform the study of the convergent validity, confirmatory factorial analysis and internal consistency.
Developed by Liebowitz  , consists of a scale which evaluates SAD symptoms related to the fear and avoidance of different social situations experienced in the previous week. It is divided into two subscales fear and avoidance and composed of 24 items, scored on a Likert-type scale of four points. Originally proposed as a clinician-administrated scale, the self-reported version may also be used.Grichener, M.
Barreda, L. The convergent validity with specific scales for the evaluation of SAD and a general anxiety scale presented correlations ranging from 0. Participants were excluded from the study if they were diagnosed with schizophrenia, suffering from active psychosis, or had an organic mental disorder.
Scores in this range are typical of persons entering treatment for the non-generalized type of SAD.
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